Projectors make for great viewing screens for large groups for a couple of reasons. They take movie nights from good to great and are a staple in board rooms across the globe. However, with all this talk about eye damage from screens, should you worry about your projector image damaging your eyes?
Projector light can be harmful to your eyes, but only if you look directly into the lens. Since projectors function by reflecting the image off a screen, this greatly reduces the damaging UV, IR, and blue light that may be omitted from the projector.
In most situations, you probably don’t need to worry about your screen time with projectors. While long-term use is a different story, a casual movie night or a few PowerPoint presentations shouldn't be that harmful. If you want to learn more about projectors and how you employ safety measures to reduce eye strain and damage, read on!
Protecting your eyes in the digital age is incredibly important. There seem to be a plethora of screens in our daily lives. Understanding what can damage your eyes is essential to maintaining proper vision health. So what do you need to worry about when it comes to projectors?
While it might seem like these digital image creators are like any other screen, that’s not quite the case. Projectors are different from, say, a TV, but there are still plenty of things you need to worry about when operating and using a projector. Before you use any device, you should be aware of the dangers. With projectors, a risk to your eyes exists.
However, really the only way projector light can harm your eyes is if you stare directly into the lens. Because the radiation and UV have to bounce off the wall in order for us to look at it, all of the potentially damaging effects have been attenuated. Either way, let’s explore the risk that does exist and see how projectors can damage your eyes.
Before we jump into the details, it's best to start on the right foot. So let’s take a look at how our eyes work (sorry for the bad pun), moreover, we have a guide on how projectors work as well in case you're interested. For a good analogy to how your eyes work, think of a camera. Just like a camera, your eyes rely on the light that is being reflected off an object.
All the colors of the visible light spectrum are made when light hits an object and the corresponding wavelengths of light, or color, are reflected back. This reflected light enters through the pupil, which in our camera analogy would be the aperture. From here, light is then focused on the optical components of the eye. The front of your eye is made up of the cornea, iris, pupil, and lens.
All these components work together to help relay the information you need to make sense of the image. They help focus light onto the retina, which is like the photosensitive electronic component in a camera. The retina encompasses the entirety of the back of the eye. The millions of nerve cells contained in this area all bind together to create the optical nerve.
Within the retina are two types of photoreceptors that are responsible for vision in certain light situations. They are the rods and cones. Once the retina has done its job, it then relays all that important information into your optic nerve and eventually your neocortex. At this point, things get complicated. Our brain does a whole lot of processing on the data given by the optic nerve. Combine it all together, and you get the final image!
Radiation is a big word with a lot of baggage. But in reality, radiation is all around us. The sun, for example, gives off tons of radiation in the form of UV and IR light. Your projector light gives off radiation too. Remember all those sensitive photoreceptors in the back of your eye; well UV and IR radiation can damage them.
Much like your skin on a sunny day, these types of radiation can cause untold damage to the cellular structure of your body. This is where sunburns come from. Too much exposure from UV and IR light causes damage. This can happen in your eyes too, and the light from your projector can be the culprit.
But before you start wearing sunglasses while you watch a movie on the big screen, projector light isn't quite the same as light from the sun. You see, projectors work by reflecting the light coming from the lens against a screen or wall. It also throws the image from a long distance.
These two factors combined make it, so projector light when using the device properly does not contain the harmful UV and IR light we are worried about. Keep in mind, though, a direct look into the lens is risky as you don’t have the diffusion and filtration caused by the screen and distance. So, are projector lights dangerous? Only if you stare directly into the lens.
If you've been staring at a computer screen for any amount of time, you might have experienced some eye strain and fatigue. We now know that this is most likely caused by blue light. Blue light is a wavelength of light that you can find in almost any type of visible light, especially natural light.
While most wavelengths of blue light are not harmful to your eyes, high-energy blue light is. You can find this type of blue light in the 415-455 nm band of visible light. High energy blue light can cause damage, so you need to be careful when using devices that emit this particular wavelength.
This is due to the fact that this wavelength falls into the UV-intense category of light. That means it can damage your eyes with UV radiation. Most projects will emit blue light, but since they filter light via the throw and the screen, blue light is minimal. If, however, you are staring at a projector screen for a long time, you might want to consider wearing blue light glasses and taking breaks when you can.
By now, you should have a pretty good idea of the answer on this one. No, normal projector viewing isn't dangerous, but if you look directly into the projector light, it will cause some damage. This is because the light that powers your projector emits light at around 6 kW. This is plenty of power to damage your eyes, but only if you look directly into the light.
So how does this happen? How can the light coming from the projector be dangerous, but the light reflecting off the screen is not? Well, we’ve also touched on this a bit, but let’s get down into the details. You see when a projector relies on a screen to reflect the image back into the viewer’s eyes. The screen itself will absorb a good amount of the light that hits it. This is both a good thing and a bad thing.
Good, in the sense that you won’t damage your eyes. But it's bad in the sense that this light absorption can reduce the image quality. While not a detriment to your eye health, it can be frustrating to deal with a less-than-stellar projector image.
The ability of your projector screen to reflect light is going to depend highly on the material and color. It's a balance. While you want some light absorption, too much can ruin an image. This is why the most often recommended screen color is grey. Grey absorbs more light than white but less than black.
But regardless of how much light the screen absorbs, the bad wavelengths of light (UV and IR) are filtered through this process. They also are filtered by having to travel the distance from the lens to the screen and then back to your eyes. All of these factors make projector screens safe to watch, so long as you don’t look directly into the barrel of the projector itself.
So we already know that projector screens do wonders to mitigate the risks of UV and IR wavelengths (by the way, we have a list on what are some of the best projector screens to get). But, what about blue light? Since we know blue light can be dangerous, should long-term exposure to projector screens worry you?
While it's not that worrisome, if you are a bit troubled, fortunately, there are some tips you can employ to mitigate blue light exposure, and we’ll touch on those a bit later. Whether it's harmful or not is going to depend on a few factors including the following, however, projectors do tend to reduce blue light emission.
Blue light exposure, over time, causes eye strain. This is a significant problem in the digital age as our habits toward screen time are only growing. Fortunately, with projectors at least, there is a significant decrease in blue light through the reflection of the direct light.
This certainly doesn't completely erase all blue light, but it certainly reduces it to the point where it's not as much of a concern. If you happen to lock onto a projector screen for more than, say, four hours a day, you might want to employ some eye protection strategies.
If you want to make the most of your eye protection, there are some easy steps you can take to reduce the possible damage. Common sense plays a huge role here. Things like staring into the projector light should be right off the table. Below you’ll find some more tips to help you get the most out of your projector without damaging your eyes. Here are some tips to protect your eyes:
As you can see, there are some easy ways to reduce eye strain and operate your projector safely. While you can damage your eyes with improper use if you make sure you are doing everything according to the manufacturer's recommendation, you should be fine.